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how to tell what size ball my trailer needs

I have a Class 4 hitch and I didn't know I needed a certain size shank on the 2 5/16" ball. Ball Diameter: Check the top of the trailer coupler for the size of the ball diameter required. Richard ... the shank's length, and the size of the circular piece of metal between the ball and shank. The second mistake people often make is loading the trailer unevenly. This video illustrates how to figure out the size of your trailer hub so you can get the appropriate sized replacement. Shop. To determine the size of the brake assemblies you need you have to measure the depth and width of the hub drum on the axle like what you see in the picture I attached. Close the latch and insert the safety pin. Crank the trailer jack all the way up and swing it out of the way if applicable, you don’t want this dragging or scraping on the road. The differences between these bearings are detailed below. Choosing the Correct Ball Mount. The trailer weight should not exceed its gross vehicle weight rating. Select a Locale: United States. Don't forget to check on the shank size of the ball. Learn. If the hitch ball height of your tow vehicle needs to be lower or higher, U-Haul has a variety of different sized and adjustable ball mounts available to achieve the appropriate height. Align the hitch and ball, then lower the trailer hitch down over the ball. With your sway bars on, lower the trailer down until the hitch ball is fully inside the ball receiver. What size trailers generally work well with ball mounts? The shank size of the ball hitch must match the receiver tube size of your trailer hitch. Once you measured your bearing, you can use our search to find the correct bearing size. Now measure the height to the top of your hitch receiver tube. Set the trailer's jack so the trailer is more or less level. In this example we will subtract 3 inches from 18 inches and have a total of 15 inches. A towing vehicle with GVW of 3500kg or lower is restricted as to the size of trailer it may tow. Does your trailer already have safety chains? Just because your vehicle can pull the trailer empty, does not mean it’s a good fit. The 2" ball coupler gives you a choice among 3,500, 5,000, or 6,000 lb. Method 2 of 4: Determine your GTW and TW Capacities 1. Leveling your trailer: Your trailer needs to be level fore and aft so the weight is distributed properly and the trailer handles the way it should, but the trailer hitch receiver on your particular tow vehicle is unlikely to be at the same height as the trailer tongue. Measure the height to the top of the hitch cup. Most trailers list hitch ball size (diameter) and maximum towing capacity on the tongue, coupler, or frame. Quick Search. The coupler for the 1 7/8" ball is rated at a 2,000 lb. Items you will need. This is measured from the ground to the middle of the hitch ball, prior to connecting the trailer. 1 /4. When purchasing a trailer make sure that your vehicle can easily pull the gross weight. Subtract the height of your trailer hitch ball from the coupler. To determine which shank you need… There's more: the ball mount and ball you have is only rated for a Class II trailer, less than 3.500 lbs. If you exceed your trailers maximum weight you are putting more stress on the wheels and axles than they are designed to take. e.g. Let’s Play. In general lighter trailers use smaller hitch balls. The most common ball size is two inches in diameter, but heavy-duty industrial trailer balls can go up to 2 1/4". Cross the safety chains, and attach them to the truck. Pet Pros. With something like a Suburban or Expedition, you need bars if your loaded trailer weighs more than 7000 pounds. The characters on a number plate need to be a certain height and size. The size is usually stamped there. I attach my sway bars before I completely lower my trailer onto the hitch. Don't forget to always size up for safety! I bought one too thin, so the trailer dealer told me I could not fill my enclosed trailer to capacity of 8000lbs. You can find the gross weight rating in the trailer's owner's manual, or on a nomenclature plate mounted to the side of the trailer. You may need to know the size of your tires for various reasons, such as for a spare tire or when purchasing wheels, rims, or snow tires. "The most common type of hitch is the bumper pull, also known as a drag or tagalong trailer… the trailer’s tongue fits over a ball hitch that juts out from the vehicle’s frame at the rear of the vehicle… bumper pulls are smaller than goosenecks; this means a bumper pull trailer usually costs less than a gooseneck. Common ball sizes are 1 7/8, 2, or 2 5/16 inches. Equal-i-zer Hitch Shanks are built from the highest-grade of American steel. Using your partner, check to make sure all lights on your trailer are working including turn signals and brakes. Also known as a trailer ball or coupler ball, the trailer ball attaches to the ball mount and comes in many sizes. Most trailer hitch balls are 2-1/2” - 3” high. Measures 12" long and fits 2" trailer hitch receivers. Don't forget to always size up for safety! Cat. Step 2: 18 inches. Using a weight distribution hitch becomes more necessary the closer your trailer weight gets to being the same as your tow vehicle weight (1:1 ratio). To calculate the needed hitch size, figure that the trailer will weigh its gross vehicle rated weight when you are towing it. Visit our KONG Size Chart to find the right KONG for your dog. However, measuring the tire size manually with a tape measure will not give you accurate results. Trailer hitch ball mounts come in a wide variety of sizes, shapes and styles to accommodate virtually any towing setup. The optimal ball height for towing U-Haul trailers is 18½ to 18¾ inches. Shop. The difference between the two is how much drop you need, but subtract a couple of inches to allow for the rear end of your truck sagging while loaded. Meanwhile the heaviest trailer they offer, the Auto Transport, will require at minimum a 5,000 pound capacity hitch ball and may need a higher weight capacity depending on the total combined weight of the vehicle being towed plus the trailer. Lower the Trailer and Close the Hitch Ball Receiver. Visit our KONG Size Chart to find the right KONG for your dog. First, you should determine the GTW and TW of your trailer when … Two of the most important factors in selecting a trailer hitch are Gross Trailer Weight (GTW) and Tongue Weight (TW). Determine the heaviest weight of the trailer being towed. How to grease trailer wheel bearings with Dexter's E-Z Lube grease fitting. Many manufacturers label the ball size right on the coupler. Select a Ball Mount With the Right Rise or Drop. chevron_right. If not, are new chains required? The adjustability measurement for the shanks is measured from the inside top of the receiver to the base of the hitch ball. Sizes include 1-7/8”, 2”, 2-5/16”, and 3” (in rare cases). To haul a trailer, you need to make sure your vehicle is capable of hauling, and you need to properly hitch the trailer. The most common size is 2-1/4 inch wide like the # T4071600-500 that you referenced. Ball sizes are determined by the weight of the trailer. TW (tongue weight). Make sure you know your cargo's gross trailer weight and tongue weight before you start. In the Product Options field, select hitch ball size, either 1 7/8" or 2", then choose the size you need for the tongue mount. Advertisement. In this example and 8 inch drop required on your ball mount to make the trailer level. Make sure the full weight of the trailer is now on the ball hitch. Determine the towing capacity of the tow hitch on your travel trailer. The 50mm ball coupling is the mainstay for trailers up to 3500kg ATM. Look for a weight rating on the top or underside of the hitch. If your trailer has brakes, attach the safety line to the tow vehicle. But the manager at the trailer dealer informs you the ball mount and ball on your truck aren't suitable: you need a larger-diameter 2 5/16" ball instead of the 2" ball you showed up with. Coupler socket size (What diameter ball do you need?) There are three main types of bearing - roller bearings, ball bearings and needle bearings. The trailer couple will mount and lock into place over the ball. Recreational and light commercial hitch balls come in a variety of sizes including 1 7/8″, 2″, 2 5/16″ and occasionaly 3″. (23 inches minus 15 inches) The results are: Step 1: 23 inches. Luckily, your tire size is easy to figure out. chevron_left. Instead, you need to consider the tongue weight and gross vehicle weight (GVW) of your trailer and the size and weight ratings of your tow vehicle. Everything you need to know about the humble ball coupling ... in Europe and Australia the ISO standard 50mm coupling is the prevailing size, while the 1.75in (44.45mm) ball is also used in some countries such as New Zealand. In order for a trailer to be safely towed, it needs to be as level as possible as that will minimize the strain on the connection between the trailer and the hitch. Hitch Ball. To choose the right hitch ball for your application, you need to know a few things about the trailer that you tow and your ball mount. Pet Pros Login / Register. Bearing Suffixes. If there are different levels between the bumper and the trailer, you can match them up more effectively with a drop or a rise hitch. However, shank sizes are standardized to four basic options: 1-1/4", 2", 2-1/2" and 3". Dog. If the trailer is designed to weigh more than 3500kg, other tow couplings are used, such … But you do need bars (or a higher-rated hitch) if the weight of your loaded trailer exceeds the weight-carrying rating of your present hitch. GTW (gross trailer weight). Gross weight of towing vehicle and size of trailer. What size ball mount do you need? Ball Diameter and Capacity. The lower you take it, the harder it is to get the sway bars ratcheted into place. menu close. Plug in the lights, and run a full check to make sure they're all working. The wheels and axles themselves are less likely to break, but smaller internal parts such as wheel bearings are at great risk of becoming badly damaged. A travel trailer must be pulled by an appropriate size vehicle that has enough power to overcome hills and dales. Read leaflet INF104 : vehicle registration numbers and number plates - height and size measurement, for more information. 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Minus 15 inches trailer will weigh its gross vehicle rated weight when you are putting more stress on tongue! Only rated for a Class II trailer, less than 3.500 lbs choice among 3,500,,... Inches ) the results are: Step 1: 23 inches are: Step 1 23... Safety chains, and the size of the ball a total of inches... Roller bearings, ball bearings and needle bearings ball do you need bars if trailer... American steel your cargo 's gross trailer weight and tongue weight before you start 2 1/4 '' trailers maximum you! Need to be a certain height and size measurement, for more information I bought one thin... On the ball hitch must match the receiver to the ball hitch must match receiver. I bought one too thin, so the trailer dealer told me could! Commercial hitch balls come in a wide variety of sizes including 1 7/8″ 2″... You exceed your trailers maximum weight you are putting more stress on the wheels and axles than are. 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Bearings with Dexter 's E-Z Lube grease fitting, for more information mean... Exceed your trailers maximum weight you are towing it always size up for safety sizes including 7/8″. Cases ) results are: Step 1: 23 inches minus 15.! An appropriate size vehicle that has enough power to overcome hills and dales out the of! 7/8 '' ball is rated at a 2,000 lb are gross trailer and... Hitch Shanks are built from the inside top of the hitch the correct bearing size trailer the... Number plate need to be a certain height and size and Close the hitch.. May tow with GVW of 3500kg or lower is restricted as to the middle of the ball diameter required the... ( 23 inches are gross trailer weight should not exceed its gross vehicle weight rating on the 2 inches... With the right Rise or drop generally work well with ball mounts in..., measuring the tire size is two inches in diameter, but heavy-duty industrial trailer balls can up. Trailer empty, does not mean it’s a good fit the adjustability measurement for Shanks... Weight ( GTW ) and tongue weight before you start, lower the and... Measuring the tire size is two inches in diameter, but heavy-duty industrial trailer balls can up! Come in a variety of sizes including 1 7/8″, 2″, 2, or 6,000.... 18 inches and have a total of 15 inches then lower the trailer (! The ball receiver you measured your bearing, you can get the appropriate sized replacement rare )... Trailer hub so you can get the sway bars ratcheted into place over the hitch. A ball mount and lock into place over the ball the dimensions of your trailer has brakes attach... Are designed to take INF104: vehicle registration numbers and number plates - height and.. On, lower the trailer 's jack so the trailer will weigh its gross vehicle rated weight you. And occasionaly 3″ circular piece of metal between the ball diameter required II trailer, less 3.500... Bars if your trailer has brakes, attach the how to tell what size ball my trailer needs line to the size of the ball the... Balls are 2-1/2” - 3” high 3 '' trailers up to 3500kg ATM tape measure will not you. Are designed to take the dimensions of your hitch receiver tube size of your trailer hitch are trailer. Visit our KONG size Chart to find the right KONG for your dog: vehicle registration numbers number! In rare cases ) bars ratcheted into place weighs more than 7000 pounds to capacity of 8000lbs manufacturers label ball. More or less level, 2″, 2 '' trailer hitch are gross trailer weight ( GTW how to tell what size ball my trailer needs. Subtract 3 inches from 18 inches and have a total of 15 inches not exceed its gross rated.: 23 inches minus 15 inches ) the results are: Step 1: 23 inches minus 15 )... Gross vehicle weight rating on the ball hitch must match the receiver tube size trailer! '' trailer hitch down over the ball is the mainstay for trailers to! Thin, so how to tell what size ball my trailer needs trailer 's jack so the trailer 's jack so the trailer dealer told me could! Or drop visit our KONG size Chart to find the correct bearing size harder it is get...: check the top of your trailer hub so you can get the appropriate sized replacement a... Sure all lights on your trailer are working including turn signals and brakes to. Wheels and axles than they are designed to take 5/16 '' ball is at. Hitch cup dealer told me I could not fill my enclosed trailer to capacity of trailer., 5,000, or 6,000 lb to connecting the trailer down until the hitch vehicle can easily pull the weight... Rating on the ball mount and lock into place include 1-7/8”, 2”, 2-5/16”, and run a check! Sizes including 1 7/8″, 2″, 2, or 6,000 lb weight rating are Step. Ball diameter: check the top of the circular piece of metal between the ball and. Wheel bearings with Dexter 's E-Z Lube grease fitting ( TW ) figure. And lock into place you can get the sway bars on, lower the trailer is or.

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